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What’s DNS and what are all these acronyms?!


Staff member
Mar 22, 2024
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It’s fairly wild that DNS is what controls the place all people’s emails and web sites level to, however many individuals don’t know what it’s or the way it works. The purpose of this text is to sum up what you’re going to have to know on the subject of these items.

What’s DNS?​

DNS stands for Area Title System and it’s mainly the phonebook for the web. yourdomain.no matter = some random set of numbers (aka IP tackle) which is hidden from plain sight. It’s type of just like the Matrix.

What are Title Servers?​

Title servers are the frontline of your DNS, it defines who’s managing your DNS. We like to make use of CloudFlare however there are a ton of suppliers to select from. Once you purchase a site from a registrar (an organization that sells domains) they may use their very own title servers by default that means you may handle your dns there too.

What are the kinds of DNS information?​

Whereas there are extra kinds of DNS information than this, listed here are those you’re going to have to know.

A Data – These are used to outline the place net visitors factors to. It may embody your complete area with an @ worth or you may outline a sub area comparable to one thing.yourdomain.no matter
CNAME Data – These information are used to redirect visitors to an A report. Generally finished with www.yourdomain.no matter, it’s going to simply redirect it to yourdomain.no matter.
MX Data – These are used to outline the place you e-mail factors to. Some suppliers could have one report, others could have 5.
TXT Data – These information are used for every part else you’ll encounter which I’ll clarify subsequent.

What are DKIM, DMARC, SPF information and do I want them?​

Sure you want them. The web gods that be (AKA Google) wanted extra measures to fight the quantity of spam that’s produced every day in order that they put extra checks and balances in place to be sure that [email protected] is definitely you. They have you ever put these measures in place by the use of a TXT report. Here’s a temporary synopsis of what every does…

DKIM – Area Keys Recognized Mail is a means of detecting cast sender addresses. It permits the receiver to verify that the mail got here from who it ought to.
DMARC – Area message authentication reporting and conformance is designed to present domains the power to guard themselves from spoofing (aka faking an e-mail).
SPF – Sender Coverage Framework is e-mail authentication technique to make sure the sending server is allowed to ship through the area.

So what’s the drawback?​

The problem for some companies or organizations is that they could have a number of domains, from a number of suppliers, which can be hosted with a special firm, get e-mail from elsewhere (sometimes Google or Office365) and don’t have time to determine this out for only one firm. Many of the suppliers for this companies have completely different management panels to entry the identical info however most customers cant make heads or tails of it and are afraid they’re going break stuff.


Have somebody in your group doc the place your domains are registered, be sure to personal them as I mentioned right here and know easy methods to handle your DNS. For those who don’t have somebody to handle this for you, we will do it at our common hourly fee. Motive we don’t quote on this service is that it may vary from minutes to hours relying on variety of domains, when you even have entry (folks usually ship logins that don’t work), variety of suppliers concerned (i.e. e-mail, net, dns) and when you even have the data you want.
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